To conceptualize eternity into a structural paradigm of the language, would be to deflate its fullness into an absurd emptiness. Eternity as being spatialized by Mathematics or by Physics into infinity collapses eternity into a nullification. Eternity would be only the probable! On the hand eternity as conceived by religions as the Heavens or God’s Space of timelessness is again a phonetic empty utterance. After Deconstruction of language by its Guru Derrida we have to assume that all Signifieds of language (an abstract idea belonging to the intelligible realm) begin with a signifier (a physical sensate tangibility). Thus to sum up eternity is a spatial mumbo jumbo of Mathematics and phonetic utterance of putting to sense by religions to a meaning.
There is a mass of writing about Post Colonial Literature. But what is lacking is suitable methodological tools. From my reading of Literature, I have culled certain tools for analyzing Post Colonial Literature. They are: (a) Etymological Philosophy (b) Ontological Phenomenology (c) Political Pathology (d) Surgical Psychoanalysis (e) Quodlibetical Marxism (f) Feminist Theology (g) Hypostatical Deconstruction. In the following paragraphs I would be explaining each of these concepts and how they could be applied to the analysis of Post Colonial Literature.
(a) Etymological Philosophy
Etymological Philosophy is a methodological tool of going beyond the lexical content of meaning and probing its Philosophical texture. For example: The People of the Colonized Continent are colored. How can color become an exegesis of neoteric signification? The color concept instead of being labeled as White or Black can be made into a symptom of all people being colored. On can be Philosophic about the notion of color that is color is heterogeneous and instead being in a modality of racial norm, it can be celebrated in its plurality. Etymological Philosophy can bridge the gap of a hegemonic norm and tolerate diversity, accept multiplicity and difference and be jubilant about granting democracy to the notions of race and gender.
(b) Ontological Phenomenology
Ontological Phenomenology addresses the conceptuality of Being as a Presence of meaning. Being is always in the process of being created with meaning. The meaning of being always rests in two shades of existence: affirmation and negation. Meaning of being is created through the process of celebration, possession, appropriation, satisfaction, dissatisfaction, dialogue and monologue. The primary consciousness of being called in Existential Philosophy as the Being in itself directs its energy on securing meaning with objects that are in its exteriority and also with objects that are positioned in the interior of the mind and that is process of being called Being for itself. Sartre, the Existential Philosopher has mistakenly called the presence of objects in consciousness of being as being transcendent. Once the being appropriates objects into consciousness, they are no longer transcendent. How can Ontological Phenomenology be used as methodological tool for Post Colonial Literature? For the Colonizer, the Native, his or her consciousness was content of meaning to be appropriated. The Native was forced to adopt the consciousness of the Colonizer. But this adoption of consciousness was not negative too. For e.g. India had a strange custom of Child Marriage and Sati. Sati was a custom whereby a wife had to sacrifice her life in the funeral pyre if her husband died. These socially degenerating customs of India became abolished by the British. Phenomenological Ontology can be used to analyze the negative and positive contents of being as the consciousness of appropriation for the colonized.
(c) Political Pathology
Colonialism can be dissected as a ritual of Political Pathology. The colonial mindset was brutally colored with idea of dominating, subduing and exploiting the people and the resources of the colony. Let’s take the case of British East India Company who were the first people to colonize India. They obtained a charter from the Crown to do trading with India. At that time there was no political India but a loose confederation of many princely states who were bickering with each other. The East Indian Company took advantage of the situation and were gradually able to annex these states into a single entity. Though the rule of the East India Company was demeaning, they were the first people to create a notion of a concept of a Political India. Under Political Pathology narratives can be constructed about exploitation, domination, subjugation and manipulation. However a positive idea about the Colonial Political consciousness is the idea of uniting loosely scattered lands into a political entity was achieved.
(d) Surgical Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis has gone a long way with the studies made by Jacque Lacan through the critical reading and interpretation of Freud. One psychoanalytic tool is the gaze and here I would like add that the gaze of the Colonizer was a Colonial Gaze. The Colonial Gaze carried the idea that the Colonized was barbaric, uncouth and uncivilized. The Colonial Gaze was a strange kind of gaze, a gaze that was politically psychotic. Through the Colonial Gaze the colonized subject was appropriated and possessed. As a methodological tool, the Colonial Gaze can be used to analyze how the colonized subject was created as a fictitious entity with a subjective prejudice in the Colonial mind. The Colonial mind was also inflicted with notion of being Politically Castrated. All political laws were made to privilege the colonizer. Political castration is an idea that the Father was foreign and the mother was native. The Politically Castrated Colonizer feared that the native will mutiny to restore the mother into an Oedipal belonging. Political castration can used as a tool to understand deep seated mental phobias and resentments that created a paradox of being wanting to dominate and at the same time being wanting the a native to be slavishly dependent.
(e) Quodlibetical Marxism
Colonial rule was an ideological apparatus, an instrument of sovereign suzerainty for the advantage of the Colonizer. For e.g. India as Colony for the British Empire became a ‘dumping ground’. Raw materials were taken at a cheaper cost and manufactured goods were sold at an exorbitant sum to the natives. Moreover native owning industries were charged with stiff duties. No doubt it was Colonial rule that sowed the seeds of the exploitation of proletariat. Exploitation and profit became addictions of a colonial ideology. Quodlibetical Marxism can be used to analyze how Economic instruments become appropriated through mean political legislation.
(f) Feminist Theology
Colonial rule was dominated by an Orthodox male centric regime wanting to promote the ideological ethos of Men being in control and command. I would like to use the feminist concepts created by the Philosopher Julia Cristeva that the philosophy of language is made of the Semiotic and the Symbolic realm. The symbolic realm is made of up of order, legislation and reason where as the semiotic realm is one of subjectivity, catharsis and ecstasy. Streams of consciousness are a narrative mode where syntax and punctuation are subverted to create hyperborean subjectivity. Feminist theology can be used as a tool analysis to probe into the workings of the levels of the Symbolic realm possessed by the Colonial texts. How did the culture of the colonized manifest itself in rituals to protect native traditions and ethos? What was the role of Women in colonial societies? To what levels did Colonial mentality try integrate if at all into Colonized cultures? To what levels were the Colonized woman marginalized one, as instruments of the colonized society and two, as instruments of the colonized?
(g) Hypostatical Deconstruction
Deconstruction was a philosophy which created the structures of binary opposition as marginalized and privileged. Deconstructive Philosophy aimed at liberating the signifier from rigidity, rule and orthodoxy. Deconstructive Philosophy can challenge the notion of presence in Colonial Philosophy. Let’s take the example of the Colonizer trying to proselytize the native into Christianity. The mindset of the colonized assumes that Christianity is The Way, The Truth and The Life. Deconstruction can be used to examine the how colonial signifiers become manipulative instruments to signify excess of presence. Post Colonial literature can free these signifiers and liberate them to newer levels of deconstructive signification.